What You Need To Know About The Ecological Role Of Wolves
Nowadays the introduction of wolf has become a topic that is being talked about by so many people in the last two decades and the endangered species of owls are being introduced back into the environment where they disappeared. When it comes to Wolves they are of great importance because they do play different roles in the ecology. As Apex Predators wolves are important to the ecosystem and introduction causes positive cascade effects on the whole environment.
It reached a point whereby the walls were all hunted down by ranchers because they felt hurt they were a threat to their cattle’s and sheep. One thing that you need to know is that for the remaining population, they came up with ways on how they can protect them by establishing a National Park. By 1920s wolves had disappeared from parks like Yellowstone, originally did not seem like a big deal that the wolves were gone. You need to know that when will started disappearing it took years before people started experiencing the effects as it started affecting the environment.
Wolf disappeared moose, elk and deer population skyrocketed. After a while, researchers noticed that a huge section of land became wearing of traditional Aspen and Willow Tree stands. The larger herds no longer afraid of being hunted had stopped moving around as much and overgrazed their habitats. The animal started breathing on one place was lead to different species of plants disappearing, and the trees declined in the health and this also affected Waterways. Animals such as fish and amphibian population decreased rapidly because the waters became shallower and then temperatures were very warm because the trees no longer produced shade.
In the heavier forested areas overgrazing lead to decrease in nesting areas for birds that several species of birds disappeared from the park altogether as a result. In the parks, Rangers were not interested in bringing the wolves, and they felt that if they tried to control the population of the other animals in the park that they parks plant life will go back to normal, but this wolf reintroduction did not happen. Eventually the number of elk decreased, and the hunters started voicing their concerns to the government, and the government was very strict on the parks management, and they told them that this continues they will not continue funding these parks. The control measures were stopped, the Elk population ballooned again, and the grazing devastation began anew.
Researched here: click for source